Transportation In India Essay Topics

Definition: Road transport means transportation of goods and personnel from one place to the other on roads. Road is a route between two destinations, which has been either paved or worked on to enable transportation by way of motorised and non-motorised carriages. There are many advantages of road transport in comparison to other means of transport. The investment required in road transport is very less compared to other modes of transport such as railways and air transport. The cost of construction, operating cost and maintaining roads is cheaper than that of the railways.

Description: Road transport can be classified as transporting either goods and materials or transporting people. The major advantage of road transport is that it can enable door-to-door delivery of goods and materials and can provide a very cost-effective means of cartage, loading and unloading. Sometimes road transport is the only way for carrying goods and people to and from rural areas which are not catered to by rail, water or air transport. Delivery of goods between cities, towns and small villages is made possible only through road transport. However, in spite of various merits, road transport has some major limitations. For instance, there are more chances of accidents and breakdowns in case of road transport. So, motor transport is not as safe as other means of transport. Road transport is also quite less organised in comparison with other modes. It is irregular and undependable. Rates for road transportation are also unstable and unequal, while the speed in road transport is slow and limited, which is a major drawback. Transporting bulky goods over long distances is also unsuitable and costly. In modern days, road transport has a serious negative impact on the environment. Building roads requires melting of tar or formulation of concrete, which may harm the associated environment. Since roads have been a major enabler of motorised transport, these vehicles also emit a lot of pollution in the form of Nitrogen dioxide, volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide and various harmful air pollutants, including benzene, which have an adverse respiratory health effects and a serious threat to global warming. While improvisation of roads is a serious topic of research, road transport of the future includes aspects like solar panel roads and cars where solar cells have replaced asphalt or tar, and there are vehicles with electric motors reducing emission. Road transport of the future aims to work on these negativities and turn them around.

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    Rail Transport

    Definition: Rail transport is also known as train transport. It is a means of transport, on vehicles which run on tracks (rails or railroads). It is one of the most important, commonly used and very cost effective modes of commuting and goods carriage over long, as well as, short distances. Since this system runs on metal (usually steel) rails and wheels, it has an inherent benefit of lesser frictional resistance which helps attach more load in terms of wagons or carriages. This system is known as a train. Usually, trains are powered by an engine locomotive running on electricity or on diesel. Complex signaling systems are utilised if there are multiple route networks. Rail transport is also one of the fastest modes of land transport. Description: Rail transport has emerged as one of the most dependable modes of transport in terms of safety. Trains are fast and the least affected by usual weather turbulences like rain or fog, compared to other transport mechanisms. Rail transport is better organised than any other medium of transport. It has fixed routes and schedules. Its services are more certain, uniform and regular compared to other modes of transport. Rail transport originated from human hauled contraptions in ancient Greece. Now it has evolved into a modern, complex and sophisticated system used both in urban and cross-country (and continent) networks over long distances. Rail transport is an enabler of economic progress, used to mobilise goods as well as people. Adaptations include passenger railways, underground (or over ground) urban metro railways and goods carriages. Rail transport has some constraints and limitations also. One of the biggest constraints of rail transport is heavy cost. Trains need high capital to build and maintain and the cost is magnified when a whole rail network is to be built. The cost of construction, maintenance and overhead expenses are very high compared to other modes of transport. Also, rail transport cannot provide door-to-door service as it is tied to a particular track. Intermediate loading or unloading involves greater cost, more wear and tear and wastage of time.

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    Transport planning

    Transport planning is defined as planning required in the operation, provision and management of facilities and services for the modes of transport to achieve safer, faster, comfortable, convenient, economical and environment-friendly movement of people and goods.

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Transport and communication

Transportation and communication are two significant infrastructural requirements in our society. Both of them facilitate movement of goods and services.  Transport facilitates movement of goods from one place to the other. Transport also facilitates movement of people from one place to the other for various reasons, mostly to seek for various services. While communication keeps us updated on the world events and trends. Both transport and communication play a vital role in our lives because they bring positive changes in our lives enhancing our economic conditions. Just like other resources, transportation and communication lay the foundation for growth in all sectors including agriculture, manufacturing, and commerce.

Transport systems are essential for human growth. Economic growth, transport, and communication go hand in hand because they all contribute to economic growth. People need transport to move from places to conduct business; people need devices to pass messages, be it by telephone, or fax or via satellite or using modern technology like mobile phones.    Communication enables people to make quick business decision promoting trade among different people, resulting to an improved economy. Transport infrastructure like roads, railroads, waterways, pipelines bus stations, and seaports are used largely to ferry passengers and cargo.

On the other hand, information communication technology is among the modern tools of communication that have significantly improved the economy in several ways.   Isolated regions have been connected and are accessible through modern means of communication like satellites.  Many places cannot develop without proper transport and communication systems, infrastructure like rail, road, airways, postal services like telegram and internet services all facilitate movement of services and resources needed to increase trade between people.

Mobility is important in production; therefore, improved transport and communication system can increase mobility as they easily facilitate movement of raw materials, fuel, and machinery at the required time that facilitate production of goods or offer necessary services. With modern forms of transport and communication systems, goods and services are readily available. Hence, prices are stabilized throughout the region. Due to the quick supply of raw materials, goods can be cheaply produced at a lower cost encouraging more purchases. By extensively selling goods in many geographical areas,   many countries can generate more profit than before.

Both transport and communication offer valuable means of enhancing the economy, communication is critical because of many reasons, be it for business or for security purposes because it offers real time information to help business people make timely decisions on financial matters. Using modern means of communication business people can be aware of the market prices and have a wide range of information to help them plan in order to meet the market demands.

Similarly, means of transport also play vital roles in development within a region, transportation systems act as the link between producer, suppliers, and consumers. Using appropriate means of transport trade relationships among countries are enhanced. Transport systems are the strongest pillar in protecting people when faced with difficulties. Modern transport and communication system facilitate movement of not only soldiers but also provides timely information to rescue people during natural calamities.  With modern technology, communication, and transport system have made life to be convenient as people can easily be in different places and chat anywhere at any time.   Many people can keep in touch with their loved ones thanks to modern forms of communication like the internet that is available across the globe. Not only does modern transport and communication system save resources, but they also save lives. It is the fact that transport and communication occupies an important place in both economic and social development of a country.

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